The Challenges of Designing for Data Security

A man designing for data security on a computer screen with a shield on it.

In today’s digital landscape, where innovation and convenience are the twin pillars of progress, there is one often-overlooked sentinel standing guard: data security. As stewards of user experience, designers hold a unique responsibility for safeguarding the digital realm. 

It’s true that we’re not all data security engineers, the people whose job it is to ensure a company’s data is protected from potential threats. But security is an increasingly vital facet of product strategies in all industries. When every tap, click, and swipe leaves behind a digital footprint — a treasure trove of information from personal identifiers to sensitive financial details — the challenge is often in balancing user needs and convenience with additional security measures. 

Today, we’ll dive together into the intricacies of data security, unraveling the challenges that designers encounter on this path and why considering data security isn’t just a checkbox on the to-do list. 

Why is designing for data security important?

Incorporating data security into UX design is not just an added layer of protection; it’s an integral part of a successful business strategy. Failing to prioritize data security can lead to breaches, legal consequences, loss of user trust, and significant damage to an organization’s reputation. UX designers must collaborate closely with security experts and follow best practices to safeguard user data from the outset of a project.

Consider a few reasons why designing for data security is critically important:

Protection of User Data

UX designers handle a wealth of user data, including personal information, login credentials, and potentially sensitive financial or health-related data. Ensuring the security of this information is not only a legal and ethical obligation but also essential for maintaining user trust.

User Trust and Confidence

Speaking of user trust, users are more likely to trust and engage with a product or service that demonstrates a commitment to data security. A secure UX fosters trust, which is a vital component of user satisfaction and loyalty. In fact, trust is one of the key measures of product success, and one that we often look at when using metrics like SUPR-Q

Legal and Regulatory Compliance

Numerous data protection regulations, such as GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) in Europe or HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) in healthcare, mandate strict data security practices. Other industries like finance, HR and recruitment, telecoms, and higher education, just to name a few, also cite data security as a critical concern and may have their own unique regulations to consider. Non-compliance can result in severe penalties and reputational damage for the organization, so ensuring that the user interface and user experience comply with data privacy regulations is paramount.

The Challenges of Designing for Data Security

While designing for data security is crucial in any industry, designing data security products often presents a unique set of challenges due to the sensitive and complex nature of the domain. These challenges often revolve around balancing security requirements, usability, and user trust. 

See how we applied our UI/UX design process to solve the challenges of redesigning a legacy data security product. Data Security & Risk Management Platform Case Study

Complexity of Security Concepts

Data security involves intricate technical concepts and terminology. Designers must find ways to make these concepts understandable to a broad audience, including non-technical users and executives.

User Education

Many users may not fully understand the risks and best practices related to data security. Designers need to create intuitive interfaces that educate users about security threats and guide them on how to mitigate risks.

Contextual guidance is one technique in a designer’s toolbelt to ensure that users can find the help that they need no matter where they are in the process. By layering in help and FAQs throughout the interface, we can make it easier for users to find answers to the questions that they have when they have them. 

In enterprise and B2B tools, though, designers must also contend with designing for both novices and experts. Finding the right way to build up to complexity so that the educational resources and additional help don’t get in the way of expert users can be a challenge, especially in complex and technical industries such as data security. 

Balancing Security and Usability

Striking the right balance between robust security measures and a user-friendly experience is challenging. Implementing stringent security protocols can sometimes lead to cumbersome user experiences, while prioritizing usability may compromise security. It’s important to strike the right balance — and to verify the success (or failure) of that balance through usability and validation testing with the right set of users.

Multi-Platform and Device Considerations

Data security tools often need to work across a variety of platforms and devices, including desktops, mobile devices, and IoT devices. Designing for consistency and security across these platforms can be challenging.

Understanding not only the why, but also the how and the who, is crucial to designing for multiple platforms.  During research, be sure to consult with users from different departments to gain a more holistic understanding of all your users’ needs. For example, big touch targets, CTAs, and text fields may be necessary in an environment where timely decisions are made and recorded quickly. A user who spends their days on a desktop computer, on the other hand, may benefit more from a design that allows them to consume more relevant information at once.

Incident Response and Reporting

Designing interfaces that facilitate the reporting of security incidents and guiding users through incident response procedures is another challenge to designing security products. When designing complex workflows, designers often start by mapping out the process with process flows and diagrams to ensure that they are thinking holistically about the entire workflow. These deliverables also help to establish that the whole team (including product owners, stakeholders, and developers) is aligned on the steps and data associated with the process. Starting with process flows helps teams make decisions earlier and faster, allowing designers to spend time in the details rather than on reworking the process.

Customization and Configuration

Many data security solutions require extensive customization and configuration to meet an organization’s specific needs. Designing interfaces that allow users to configure security policies and settings without overwhelming them with options is a challenge.

For B2B and SaaS products, it’s nearly impossible to design a one-size-fits-all solution. And although customization is important, we often find users have a hard time knowing where to start. Presenting them with a blank page, with a world full of possibilities, can lead to indecision, fatigue, and task abandonment. One strategy to combat this challenge is to design templates that can either be defaulted or recommended to the user. In an ideal world, users should then be able to customize their preferences from there based on their unique organizational needs. 

Integration with Existing Systems

Similarly, ensuring that the security tools seamlessly integrate with an organization’s existing IT infrastructure and software applications can be technically challenging. 

In enterprise products, one of our first steps is to dive deep into understanding a company’s technological ecosystem before starting any design work. Of course, for B2B and SaaS products, this ecosystem can look vastly different at each end user’s organization — again, necessitating well-designed and flexible customization patterns.


As organizations grow, their data security needs evolve. Designing interfaces that can scale with an organization’s growth is a challenge. A good framework is crucial, as is designing with scalability in mind. 

Designing for a data security company requires a deep understanding of both the technical aspects of security and the human factors involved. It involves a constant balance between security, usability, and compliance, making it a unique and demanding field in the realm of user experience design.

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